International Journal of Modern Plant and Animal Sciences
ISSN: 2327-3364 (online)Search Article(s) by:
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Current Issue: Vol. 6 No. 1or Keyword in Title:
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Table of Content for Vol. 6 No. 1, 2018

Salient Features of Floridiversity of Sokoto South Local Government Area, Sokoto State, Nigeria, Flora of West Tropical Africa
Dharmendra Singh
 PP. 1 - 6
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ABSTRACT: Sokoto south local government area is situated in the Sokoto State Northwestern part of Nigeria. It has a total land area of approximately 41 Sq. km. The geographical position are latitude 130030N 5013E and longitude 130.050N 5.2170E. The topography of the area is flat and slightly undulating with compact stony and sandy soil, where xerophytic plants can grow, the savanna type of vegetation has two major seasons from May to October (rainy season), the dry season lasting from November to April. Harmattan period (December to January) is characterized by heavy dust. The mean annual temperature vary considerably but usually at 270c in March and April (400c) which are hottest months in the year. The Present investigation outcome of the floristic studies made into varied localities of the Sokoto South local government area from June 2016 to May 2017. The collections have been found to be spread over 28 families and 52 species of angiosperms. They are Fabaceae 6 species, Caesalpiniaceae 5 species, Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Poaceae each of them have 3 species, Anacardiaceae, Capparaceae, Combretaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Sterculiaceae, each of them have 2 species and Amaranthaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Balanitaceae, Bombacaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Caricaceae, Meliaceae, Mimosaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rubiaceae, Sapotaceae, Verbenaceae, Zygophyllaceae each of them have 1 species. The 3 dominant families of plant species identified in this studied were: Fabaceae 6 species, Caesalpiniaceae 5 species, and Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Poaceae each of them have 3 species. The 4 dominant genera are Ipomoea 3 species; Combretum, Ficus and Euphorbia each of them have 2 species. During the investigation very rare species Adansonia digitata, Balanites aegyptica and Combretum paiculatam were found in the studied area.