International Journal of Modern Applied Physics
ISSN: 2168-1139 (online)Search Article(s) by:
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Current Issue: Vol. 10 No. 1or Keyword in Title:
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Table of Content for Vol. 10 No. 1, 2020

Two-Dimensional Electrical Imaging Techniques for Determination of Groundwater Potential in Ologbo Community Area of Edo State
Bright C. Abanum
      
 PP. 1 - 15
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ABSTRACT: In this research work, a two-dimensional (2-D) geoelectrical resistivity imaging survey was executed in Ologbo community area of Edo State, Nigeria, in order to determine the presence of groundwater in the study area. The resistivity data was acquired using the following field equipment Abem Terrameter SAS 300, 12V Koda battery, steel electrodes, measuring tapes, 4 cables cases, hammer, GPRS device, by employing the Wenner-Schlumberger electrode configuration to accomplish this task over a 200m spread in each profile or line. 2-D resistivity data set along three lines was obtained in the survey area. RES2DINV software was used to process the data, which gave the true subsurface resistivity. The resistivity data shows that, the area is predominantly sand with sparse deposit of clay. Hence the studied area may hold good prospect for groundwater in view of the probable thick aquifer layer.


Quantum Time-Space Equations and Applications, and Unifying Quantum Theory and General Relativity
Yi-Fang Chang
      
 PP. 16 - 34
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ABSTRACT: The unifying quantum mechanics and general relativity is always an important problem in modern physics. Relativity mainly studies space-time, quantum mechanics mainly studies microscopic particles. First, based on the energy-momentum representation in quantum mechanics, we discuss the space-time operators and their generalization, and propose some operator equations of general relativity and special relativity. Second, we research some applications of this method, in particular, the lifetime formulas of particles are obtained from the time equation, and they agree better with the experimental data. Third, it is the simplest unifying quantum theory and general relativity, and corresponds to the extensive quantum theory, and may overcome the singularity problem in general relativity. In a word, this is the combination and unification on quantum mechanics and general relativity.


New Development of Electrical Engine Principles
Raymon Wei
      
 PP. 35 - 43
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ABSTRACT: Action force and reaction force occur in pairs, equal and opposite in direction. Based on the fundamental experiment device is presented, named as Non-recoillness Electrical carriage (NREC). We demonstrated action force and reaction force can be separated. One force could be existing independently, created by energy. The study used NREC to probe combination of mechanical and Electrical properties, demonstrate that energy could create inertia displacement directly without recoillness. Based on experimental four wheels carrier device the inertia energy in reserved direction can be converted into electrical energy, elastical energy, rotational energy and saved, then compositely transformed and added into positive direction forces to enhance the engine efficiency. This research provides a novel way to quantify the mechanical and Electrical properties of NREC, which allows investigation of improving current engine efficiency.


Variation in Physicochemical Effect of Groundwater: A Case Study of Ogbomoso North Local Government
Oladosu I.A and Adeleke D.K
      
 PP. 44 - 53
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ABSTRACT: Groundwater pollution occurs as a result of release of pollutants into the ground to natural underground water reservoirs known as aquifers. Once the pollutants such as gasoline, oil, road salts and chemicals released find their way into groundwater, they cause contamination which make it become unsafe and unfit for human use. In addition, it is possible for untreated waste from septic tanks and toxic chemicals from underground storage tanks and leaky landfills to contaminate groundwater. The availability of good quality water is an indispensable feature for preventing diseases and improving quality of life. It is necessary to know details about different physico-chemical parameters such as color, hardness, sulphate, chloride, fluoride, hydroxide, bicarbonate, carbonate, Nitrate, total suspended solid, total dissolved solid. Heavy metals such as Sodium, Magnesium, Potassium, Calcium and iron etc. are of special concern. The analysis of the composition of groundwater showed that mean anionic dominance of the anions in order of CO32-(165.34 mg/l) > Cl- (63.73mg/l)> SO42-(14.48mg/l) > NO3-(8.73mg/l) > F- (1.75mg/l), whereas the mean cationic dominance are in order of Ca2+(37.68mg/l) > Na+(25.23mg/l) >K+(10.65mg/l) >Mg2+(14.13mg/l) > Fe3+(0.45mg/l). Ranges of values obtained for groundwater were: Electrical conductivity 60 -805µs/cm, Turbidity 1-20 FTU, TDS 61-501mg/l, Total Alkalinty 43-444mg/l ,Chloride ions 20-148mg/l ,Sulphate 2.1- 79.7mg/l , Sodium ion 14 - 54mg/L, Potassium ion 1.3- 137mg/, Calcium ions 25-79mg/l , Iron ions contents 0.26-0.58mg/. The results showed that most of the physical and chemical parameters were within the acceptable guide line limits of the WHO for drinking and domestic water.


Structural Interpretation of Three-dimensional Seismic Data from B-field, Located in the Niger Delta Area, Nigeria
Bright C. Abanum., Egbo D. Okechukwu.
      
 PP. 54 - 68
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ABSTRACT: In this research work, a three-dimensional(3-D) seismic data from B-field, located in the Niger Delta, Nigeria has been interpreted with the aim of generating a structural model of the subsurface of the area with a view to reveal special features favorable to the hydrocarbon prospectivity of the study area. The 3-D seismic volume data was interpreted using OpendTect 4.3.0 software. Faults were delineated in field but only four was of interest F1, F2, F3, F4. The fault F3 is the major growth fault in the field. Its setting tips it as a good reservoir sealing structure. We have the faults F2 and F4 described as the antithetic faults. Fault F1 can be describe as normal fault. Two seismic reflection horizons H1 and H2 were mapped based on their reflection patterns. The seismic section reveals the structural configuration of the field as an anticlinal dip closure. Since anticlinal and fault assisted closures are regarded as good hydrocarbon prospect areas in the Niger Delta. It can be therefore suggested that the trapping potential of the field are attributed to faults, acting as fault assisted closures which have been perceived to be responsible for high retentive capacity of the reservoirs and the hydrocarbon trapping mechanism in the studied area.