ABSTRACT: Atmospheric concentration of sulphur oxides and nitrogen oxides suspended particulate matter (SPM) are on the rise, causing serious air pollution. Emission from stationary sources (fossil fuel combustion gases) and mobile sources (tail pipe) emissions contain pollutants such as SOx, NOx and particulate matter. SOx and NOx when inhaled causes respiratory disease. Very fine particulate matter is suspended in the air and hence called suspended particulate matter. It is considered to cause respiratory diseases and climatic changes. This article describes the role of monitoring of ambient air quality and pollutants emission sources in solving air pollution problems and effects of air pollution on animal health, primarily through monitoring activities.