International Journal of Modern Biology and Medicine
ISSN: 2165-0136 (online)Search Article(s) by:
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Table of Content for Vol. 6 No. 1, 2015

Observations on the Wild Medicinal Flora of Banaras Hindu University Main Campus, India
Arvind Singh
      
 PP. 1 - 21
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ABSTRACT: A study was conducted to explore the wild medicinal flora of Banaras Hindu University main campus, India, spreading over a land area of about 1,350 acres. A total of 177 wild medicinal plant species were collected, of which 175 were represented by the Angiosperms while 2 plant species were represented by the Pteridophytes. The Angiospermic group of wild medicinal plants was represented by 136 genera distributed among 55 families. Asteraceae, Fabaceae and Acanthaceae are the dominant families of the wild medicinal flora of Banaras Hindu University main campus.


Effects of pH Change on Growth of Microalga in Water Soluble Fractions of Crude Oil
Denise, E.M. and Thompson, E. O.
      
 PP. 22 - 29
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ABSTRACT: Laboratory experiments were performed to access the effects of pH change on growth of a microalga in water soluble fractions of crude oil using Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Growth of the alga was observed in culture by estimating chlorophyll a content. The effect of varying pH on growth in water soluble fraction of crude oil on a 14 day bioassay shows no significant difference at p< 0.05 in growth of the microalga in both pH moderated and non pH moderated culture of Water Soluble Fractions (WSF) of crude oil. Maximum growth and utilization of hydrocarbon by the microalga was obtained at pH of 8.2 and the least at pH 7.5. Biomass production (chlorophyll a synthesis) by C. pyrenoidosa in continuous culture was considerably affected by the pH at which the cultures were maintained. Biomass production experiment revealed that pH values in the range of 8.2 and 8.5 synthesized more photosynthetic materials than those in 7.5 pH level. Dry weight showed higher physiological response at pH 8.5 and the least at pH 7.5. The result obtained in this study is a vital contribution in processing and cultivating of algae.


Studies on Induced Chemical Mutagenesis in Bhendi (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench)
R. Elangovan, P. Pavadai
      
 PP. 30 - 37
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ABSTRACT: Mutation breeding in crop plants is an effective approach in improvement of crop having narrow genetic base such as Bhendi or okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench). The main objective of the present study is to determine the effect of different concentration of ethyl methane sulphonate (EMS) and diethyl sulphate (DES) (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9 and 1.00%). The observations were recorded in M1 and M2 generations on different morphology and yield characteristics. The morphology and yield characters such as days of first flower, root length, shoot length, seedling survival, number of fruits per plant, fruit length, seed yield per plant, fresh weight per plant, dry weight per plant, and 100 seed weight. Effects of EMS and DES treatment were observed in M1 generation gradually reduced in all parameters except days to first flower to increase concentration of treatment. In M2 populations, the significant increase of grain yields and yield components of Bhendi were observed. Potential high yielding mutants were identified in progenies of treated seeds.